Do Electric Cars Lose Range Over Time (By 2 Years, 3 Years, 5 Years, 10 Years)

Yes, electric cars lose range over time owing to a variety of variables, including battery deterioration, temperature, and driving style.

Battery packs have a state-of-fitness. This can slowly lessen over time. But in truth it’s now no longer a massive problem. After a typical Electric Car lifetime, the battery fitness will typically be at 90%. EVs are presently envisioned to lose a mean of 2.3% in their battery potential in line with year and 25-30% range lose in 10 years. To put that into context, in case you buy an EV nowadays with a 240 km (150 miles) Range, you may have handiest misplaced approximately 27 km (17 miles) of reachable Range after 5 years.

Yes, electrics cars lose range overtime owing to a variety of variables, including battery deterioration, temperature, and driving style. Depending on the model and usage habits, the range loss typically varies, although it’s typical to observe a decline in range of about 10–20% after 2–3 years, 20–30% after 5 years, and up to 40% after 10 years. Range loss can be reduced with regular maintenance, smart charging techniques, and effective driving.

Electric Cars Lose Range 2 Years, 3 Years, 5 Years, 10 Years

YearLose Range 
2 Year4.5% Lose Range 
3 Year7.8% Lose Range 
5 Year10.12% Lose Range 
10 Year20.25% Lose Range 
Electric car lose range

Electric motors lose Range over time. They additionally don’t pass as a way withinside the bloodless and or with the aircon or heater running. But additionally, they pass in addition while you pass town speeds in preference to dual carriageway speed.

They additionally benefit strength while going downhills and stopping. Some electronics that don’t have liquid cooled batteries can lose Range 10 instances quicker than the others. So, study and make certain the electrical Electric Car you get can cope with your use and climate.

A Tesla has the longest Range to start. It additionally loses much less than 1% capacity a year. Others lose about 2% a year. The few without a Liquid cooling or battery thermal manipulation can lose 10 to 20% pacity a year. Those poorly designed electrics additionally feel slower once they get hot. So an extended ride may be an actual problem.

As an excellent instance my 2016 Chevy Spark EV can nevertheless pass 100 miles on a fee with over 27K miles on it. It has 17 of the authentic 18.4 kWh potential. It turned into the handiest EPA rated at 82 miles on a fee. It has a DC Fast Charge port and may take 52 kW fee on an excellent DC Fast Charge unit.

More information YouTube link:-


How Much Range Does an Electric Car Lose

While electric powered automobiles have been demonstrated to have drastically decreased possession fees as compared to their ICE counterparts, battery durability remains an equivocal subject. 

Similar to how clients ask how lengthy the batteries can ultimately be, producers frequently query the identical subject. Every unmarried battery goes to degrade whenever you price and discharge it. Atlas Motor Car s CEO, Mark Hanchett, informed Inside EVs. 

Essentially, it is inevitable that your electric powered Electric Car battery, or any rechargeable Li-ion battery, will lose its potential as soon as it has. However, the fee at which it will degrade is the unknown variable. 

Everything starting from your charging conduct to the very chemical make-up of the cell will have an effect on your EV battery’s lengthy-time period strength storage. While many elements are at play, there are 4 essential factors that help in similarly degrading EV batteries. 

Fast Charging

Fast charging itself would not always cause multiplied battery degradation, however the accelerated thermal load can harm the inner additives of the battery cell. The harm of those battery internals ends in fewer Li-ions being capable of switching from the cathode to the anode. 

However, the quantity of decay the batteries face isn’t always as excessive as a few might also additionally think. Earlier in the decade, the Idaho National Laboratory examined 4 2012 Nissan Leafs, charged on a 3.3kW domestic charger and the alternative strictly charged at 50kW DC rapid stations. 

After 40,000 miles, the effects confirmed that the only charge on DC most effective had 3 percent extra degradation. 3% will nonetheless shave your range, however the ambient temperature appeared to have a much extra impact on the general potential. 

Ambient Temperatures

Colder temperatures can lower an EV’s price and quickly restrict the general range. Warm temperatures may be useful for fast charging, however extended publicity to warm situations can harm the cells. 

So, in case your Electric Car is sitting out of doors for lengthy periods, it is high-quality to leave it plugged in, so it may use the shore electricity to circumvent the battery.


Like some other rechargeable lithium-ion battery, the extra price cycles, the extra put on at the cell. Tesla stated that the Model S will see around 5% graduation after breaching 25,000 miles. 

According to the graph, any other 5% might be misplaced after around 125,000 miles. 

How Different Battery and Motor Options Affect Range

Kia e-SoulBattery Size (kWh) Range (km) Motor Power (PS)
Longe Range,High Power 64Up to 452204
Mid Range, Mid Power 39.2Up to 277136
Different battery option and motor option

Granted, those numbers have been calculated through well known deviation, so there are possibly outliers with faulty cells that were not proven withinside the graph. 


Unlike mileage, time usually takes the worst toll on batteries. In 2016, Mark Larsen stated that his Nissan Leaf could lose around 35% ttery potential on the quit of an 8 yr period. 

While this percentage is excessive, it is due to the fact it is an advanced Nissan Leaf, which is thought to be afflicted by excessive degradation.

Options with liquid-cooled batteries must decrease the chances of decay.

Editor’s note: My six-yr-antique Chevrolet Volt nonetheless indicates it makes use of 14.0kWh after depleting a complete battery. 14.0kWh became its usable potential while new.

Preventative Measures

To hold your battery withinside the high-quality feasible circumstance for the future, it is essential to hold this stuff in mind:

  • If feasible, attempt to depart your EV plugged in if it is sitting for an prolonged time period withinside the summer time season months. If you pressure a Nissan Leaf or any other EV without liquid-cooled batteries, attempt to hold them in a shady vicinity on warmer days.
  • If your EV has the function equipped, precondition it 10 mins earlier than using it on warm days. This way, you could save your battery from overheating on even the warmest summer time season days.
  • As cited above, 50kW DC isn’t always as destructive as maximum, however in case you are sticking around town, AC charging is inexpensive and typically extra convenient. Plus, the aforementioned examine did now no longer consist of one hundred or 150kW chargers, which maximum new EVs can utilize.
  • Avoid getting your EV underneath 10-20% battery remaining. All EVs have a decreased usable battery ability, however warding off accomplishing the battery’s crucial zones is a superb practice.
  • If you force a Tesla, Bolt, or some other EV with a guide rate limiter, attempt to now no longer exceed 90% in every day driving.

Are There Any EVs Should I Avoid

Almost each used EV has an eight year / 100,000-mile battery assurance which covers degradation if the battery’s ability drops underneath 70%. 

While this could provide peace of mind, it is nonetheless essential to shop for one with sufficient assurance left.

As a fashionable rule of thumb, any vintage or excessive mileage choice ought to be carefully regarded. 

The battery generation to be had these days is some distance extra superior than tech from a decade ago, so it is important to devise your buy accordingly. 

It’s higher to spend a touch extra on a more modern used EV than buying an out-of-assurance battery repair.

How Electric Cars Lose Range Over Time

Electric cars lose around 1-2 percent in their Range each year. 

The lithium-ion batteries hooked up in electric powered cars are long lasting sufficient to survive the car itself. 

These lithium batteries are found in nearly each electric tool with a battery, including smartphones and laptops.

What Type of Battery is Utilized in Electric Car

The EV Car s use a Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery.

It is a chargeable battery used no longer best in electric powered cars however in numerous gadgets. 

The primary houses of a lithium-ion battery are that the steel is of the lightest weight and has extra strength density than different preferred rechargeable batteries.

These  huge capabilities assist the battery makers preserve a bit of space, ensuing in a smaller battery pack.

Although those lithium-ion batteries are long lasting, overcharging the battery can considerably affect the battery’s Range withinside the lengthy run.

For instance, withinside the Tesla Model S, professionals found that the battery degradation is 10% for each 150,000. 

We have greater rights here on how fast Teslas lose Range.

According to Car  brands, a battery alternative isn’t required till the degradation reaches as much as 60-70%. 

A new technology of those lithium-ion batteries can cowl lots of miles without degradation.

Even even though electric powered Car s lose some Range over time, EVs nevertheless provide greater Range than gas-pushed Car s on average.

How Quickly do Car Batteries Begin to Provide Much Less Range

We have a committed article approximately precisely how speedy electric powered Car s begins off evolved to lose Range.

As EV cars depend on the battery, maximum humans thinking about switching to EVs are worried about battery lifestyles.

Just like the battery of a telephone or laptop, you get the most lifestyles of the battery while the tool is new.

Over time, the battery loses its ability to keep a price and in the end desires an alternative. 

Just because the batteries of those digital gadgets become worse and emerge as much less green over time, you may assume they are identical from an EV Car.

As you may see, small electric powered cars frequently have a totally excessive Range.

It is essential to recognize that the majority rechargeable batteries lose ability over time, even though they’re looked after well.

Most EVs are constructed to make certain that their battery lifestyles and ability are sufficiently sufficient for a decade.

The performance of a battery, which may be referred to as the Range of the car in easy words, will necessarily degrade over time.

Recent data monitors that many electric powered Car  batteries remain for around 10 to 20 years.

The lower withinside the Range is incredibly minor, starting from 1.9 to 2.2 percentage according to year.

This means that in case you purchase an electric powered Car  now with various a hundred and fifty miles, you’ll best have misplaced kind of 17 miles of usable Range withinside the subsequent 5 years.

Why Electric Car Batteries Lose Range Over Time

As the Tesla facts shows, a battery’s nation of fitness isn’t always a linear lower. The Geotab facts are linear as a simplification throughout the big pattern size. 

As a well known rule, batteries are anticipated to say no non-linearly. 

A preliminary drop is observed via means of a persisted decline at a slight percent, mainly to a pointy drop-off on the stop of life. 

A curve of battery nation of fitness through the years, count on lack of Range through the years.

EVs on the street aren’t antique enough to have skilled this sharp drop-off.

In fact, Tesla says it’s miles running on battery generation that could permit an electric powered Electric Car battery to be pushed 1,000,000 miles earlier than the drop-off. 

Electric Car Lose Range Cold weather 

Electric Car Model Range Lose In Freezing Temperatures 
Jaguar i-Pace        3%
Audi e-Tron        8%
Tesla Model X      15%
Tesla Model Y      15%
Tesla Model 3      17%
Tesla Model S      19%
Range lose in freezing temperature

Consumer Reports estimates the common electric powered automobile’s battery-percent lifespan to be 200,000 miles earlier than the Range is restricted. 

200,000-mile lifespan is 17-years if pushed 12,000 miles consistent with year. 

State of fitness (SOH) measures a battery’s cap potential to save power through the years. A battery begins off evolving at a hundred% SOH and degrades completely through the years. 

A 100 kWh battery begins off evolving at 100% SOH however after  years 95% SOH could act like a 95 kWh battery. 

SOH isn’t always similar to battery Range however SOH does lessen the gap a Electric Car can tour on the ones kWh. 

An EV’s Range is likewise impacted by way of means of climate, topography, shipment load, and riding habits. 

Lithium-ion battery fitness is impacted by way of means of the subsequent elements so as of biggest to least effect:

  • Time
  • High temperatures
  • Operating at excessive and occasional nation of rate
  • High electric powered present day
  • Usage (power cycles)
  • Temperature Impact on Range Loss

Lithium-ion batteries now no longer fare properly in intense heat. EVs running in warm climates can count on a bigger lower in Range through the years. 

But, many electric powered cars are prepared with cooling structures for the battery-percent. 

Here is wherein you could see a distinction in Electric Car emblem overall performance on long-time period Range degradation.

Tesla’s liquid-cooled batteries have a better Range through the years as compared to Nissan Leaf’s passive-air cooled system (Geotab facts). 

Managing the batteries temperature is a differentiator for carmakers going ahead to lessen Range loss with time.

Operating Range

Draining maximum or all of a battery’s rate can reduce the long term potential. 

Operating at near-0 rate on a normal foundation has proven to lower the fitness of the battery. 

This became a larger trouble for older cars that had a smaller Range. 

Now with Nissan Leafs having a 150-mile Range and Tesla’s with over 300-mile ranges, customers best use a fragment of the battery’s potential earlier than they rate for the night.

High Electric Current

Those Level three DC Fast Charging stations are great. They can convey an EV’s batteries as much as 80% pacity in 30-minutes. But they could take a toll on the fitness of the battery. 

The excessive electric powered present day makes the battery-percent warm, main to battery degradation as extreme temperature does in the instance above.

Fast DC Charger 

The effect of excessively the use of Level three DC Fast Charging stations is limited. 

A have a look at performance on  equal 2012 Nissan Leafs via way of means of Idaho National Laboratory located the use of Level 3 chargers isn’t a mentioned issue.


For 50,000 miles they charged one leaf completely on a Level 2 240-volt domestic charger and the opposite Leaf on public Level 3 chargers. 

The Level 3 charged Electric Car had a 4% crease in potential as compared to the Level 2 charged automobile.  

Research has proven most of these play a component in battery fitness however for a long-time period, real-international overall performance data has best commenced to be collected. 

As EVs on the street attain a decade antique, extra facts on Range loss through the years will paint a clearer photograph of battery overall performance and upgrades had to hold the battery’s fitness and Range.

How to Reduce Range Loss Over Time

The facts and hints from Geotab endorse keeping an electric powered automobile’s battery nation of fitness via means of the subsequent guidance.

Several methods can be used to reduce range loss over time. Here are a few recommendations.

  1. Charge your battery correctly: Good charging practices might help your battery last longer. Try to maintain your battery’s charge between 20 and 80% capacity and avoid overcharging it.
  2. Reduce your energy consumption: Reduce your energy usage by using power-hungry equipment like air conditioning, heated seats, and fast driving as little as possible. This will increase your range and aid in energy conservation.
  3. Plan your travel: To minimize overdriving and detours, plan your travel in advance. You may improve your overall range and conserve energy by doing this.
  4. Maintain your vehicle: Keeping your car in good condition can help to keep it running smoothly. Inflation of the tires, wheel alignment, and brake upkeep are examples of this.
  5. Drive wisely: Your driving style might have a big impact on your range. Energy can be saved by coasting to a halt, slowly accelerating and braking, and keeping your speed constant.
  6. Use regenerative braking: Use regenerative braking to recover energy lost while braking and return it to the battery. Regenerative braking is a function featured on many electric and hybrid vehicles. Your range can increase as a result.


On average, EV batteries most effectively degrade at a fee of 2.3% of most potential in line with year, so with right care you could reliably anticipate your EV battery to close as lengthy or longer than ICE drivetrain components.

Based on the 10% drop after 5 years, that is the better end of Recurrent’s range, we’re searching at a 20% loss by the point an unique battery guarantee expires, presuming that the degradation maintains on the equal pace.


Why Do Electric Powered Car  Batteries Degrade?

Electric Car batteries use lithium-ion generation, much like your cellular phone. And similar to your phone, they slowly degrade over time.
Constant advances in generation and the sheer length of an EV’s battery suggest it doesn’t show up pretty so rapidly.

Do Electric Powered Car Batteries Come Below Assurance?

Every EV producer gives a separate electric powered battery assurance over and above the same old warranties protecting the relaxation of the Car.

How To Increase an Electric Powered Car Battery Lifespan?

Don’t plug your Car  in at each opportunity – doing so places pointless strain on the battery. Only price it while required.

When to Update an Electric Powered Car Battery?

As visible withinside the desk above, maximum producers take into account a battery to be on the give up of its usable existence while its State of Health (SOH) reaches among 60% to 70%.

Post Related to Electric Car & Battery

  1. Tesla 21-70 Battery Cell Specifications
  2. What Percentage Should I Charge A Tesla Battery?
  3. How Far Can You Drive a Tesla on 0 Battery 
  4. Tesla Battery Cost Per kWh- 2024 Guide
  5. Does a Tesla require pre-driving warming up?

About Author

Bharat Suthar

I am principal creator of I like riding Electric Car, UTV in mountains and Terrain, Also I try to share all the real life experience here in the site.I am really dedicated to write about my experience. I love doing all the outdoor activity including riding electric car, dirt biking and hiking.

Recent Posts