Everything You Need to Know About Model X Bonus Depreciation

Model X Bonus Depreciation

Model X bonus depreciation is a tax break that enables a company to instantly write off a significant portion of the cost of qualified assets, including machinery, rather than doing so over the course of the asset’s “useful life.” The increased first-year depreciation deduction is another name for bonus depreciation. So what do you need to know about model x bonus depreciation?

The laws were significantly altered after the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) was passed in 2017. The most significant change was the implementation of 100% model X bonus depreciation, which enables companies to instantly deduct 100% of the cost of qualified property purchased and put into service after September 27, 2017, but before January 1, 2023. TCJA reduced it from 50% to 40%.

Model X Bonus Depreciation Basics

Recently, model X bonus depreciation commemorated 20 years of existence. The legislation providing the tax benefit has been repeatedly extended, although the requirements for qualifying property and the model X bonus depreciation rate have altered over time. The legislation governing model X bonus depreciation is outlined in very general terms below.

The tax treatment of an asset that a firm purchases or develops typically involves spreading the asset’s cost across its useful life. Depreciation is the term for this procedure, and it lowers a company’s net profits. Smaller net earnings typically result in lower tax obligations for businesses.

Model X Bonus depreciation is an expedited business tax deduction that lowers an organization’s taxable net income and hence lowers its tax obligation. Congress passed regulations that permit firms to immediately deduct a predetermined percentage of the cost of an eligible asset rather than spreading the expense over the item’s lifetime.

Model X Bonus depreciation is more likely to help a company lower its tax burden even though it may ultimately expense the same total amount during the asset’s life, especially when considering potential effects on tax brackets. For instance, if you deduct $10,000 over ten years, it might not significantly impact your taxable income each year, but if you deduct $100,000 all at once, it might lower your company’s top marginal tax rate.

The regulations governing Model X bonus depreciation underwent significant revisions due to the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The most significant change was a 100% increase in the Model X bonus depreciation deduction for qualifying property, as the IRS defines it, from 50%. In accordance with specific requirements, the 2017 law further expanded the incentive to cover used property.

Key takeaways 

  • Instead of depreciating qualified items over a number of years, Model X bonus depreciation enables firms to write off a significant portion of the cost in the year they are made.
  • It was developed to promote small business investment and jump-start the economy.
  • Bonus depreciation and other forms of depreciation and amortization should be reported by businesses using IRS Form 4562.
  • The most recent regulations and restrictions on bonus depreciation are set to expire in 2023. These regulations and restrictions have varied throughout time.
  • Bonus depreciation provides for a 100% upfront deduction of depreciation in 2022; after that, it depreciates 20% annually until its final year in 2026.

Benefits of Model X Bonus Depreciation

Critical Characteristics of Model X Bonus Depreciation

  • The tax deduction for qualifying property purchased and put into service after September 27, 2017, is known as bonus depreciation.
  • It serves as a motivator for businesses to promote investment in cutting-edge machinery.
  • The depreciable basis of an asset multiplied by the tax rate yields the deduction value.
  • The depreciation rate will gradually drop until the fiscal year 2026, despite being 100% of the cost up until 2022.
  • Real estate depreciation is not constrained to a predetermined annual cash amount, unlike a Section 179 deduction.

Model X Bonus depreciation enables taxpayers to deduct the cost of depreciable assets from their short-term taxable income. Taxpayers can immediately deduct 100% of depreciation under bonus depreciation on their federal tax return. A corporation may pay significantly less tax in the tax year in which they claim bonus depreciation if they use this accelerated depreciation approach.

Claiming Model X Bonus Depreciation

Only some types of commercial property that meet the necessary conditions are eligible for bonus depreciation. Property may be used for either business or private purposes, with a maximum useful life of 20 years.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act’s modifications to the eligibility requirements for taxpayers additionally state the following:

  • Before the acquisition, the taxpayer did not use the asset.
  • A taxpayer-related party did not purchase the asset.
  • A component member of a controlled group of firms did not previously possess the asset.
  • The basis of the asset is not calculated using the property’s adjusted basis while the seller owns it.
  • The basis of the asset is not calculated using a basis that was received from a decedent.

Recent changes also specifically identify assets that were previously ineligible for bonus depreciation but are now permitted. For instance, the IRS explicitly mentions the eligible film, television, or theater property purchased and put into use after September 27, 2017.

Ineligible Assets

Certain asset classes are expressly excluded by the IRS from being eligible for bonus depreciation. Assets are not eligible for bonus depreciation under the new regulations if they:

  1. mostly employed in the provision or sale of water, sewage disposal, or electrical energy.
  2. utilized mostly in the distribution of steam or gas for sale in the furniture industry.
  3. primarily employed in the furnishing industry or in pipeline sales of gas or steam.
  4. used in a trade or corporation that, under specific conditions, has floor-plan financing debt.
  5. acquired after December 31, 2017, qualified improvement property, such as leasehold improvements

When a taxpayer wants to reduce their short-term tax liabilities, choosing to claim bonus depreciation is frequently advantageous. Having less bonus depreciation to claim could result in future year liabilities being higher, but it could also result in a net business loss that could be carried over to subsequent years. Consult your advisor for more information to see whether you qualify for bonus depreciation and whether it makes sense strategically to claim. There may be circumstances where it makes more sense to elect out of the program.

Maximizing Model X Tax Savings

Business owners must minimize their tax obligations. Determining which deductions you qualify for might be complicated due to the tax code’s complexity.

Fifteen members of the Forbes Finance Council examine several obscure tax deductions that many business owners might need to be made aware of in the sections below. You may keep more of your hard-earned money and reinvest it in your company by taking advantage of these deductions.

You are authorized to spend money on fixed assets for your firm and receive bonus depreciation under the existing tax rules. This can entail changing your workplace, purchasing a plane, setting up new computers, and other things. If these costs were actually incurred for business purposes, you are entitled to a full deduction for them in the year they were incurred. 

It would be best to multiply the company asset’s cost by the bonus depreciation rate (current in the market) to determine the bonus depreciation. After that, subtract the asset’s tax from the asset’s cost.

For instance:

Cost of the asset at $1,000,000 times the 21% tax rate equals $210,000 in bonus depreciation that can be claimed for the asset.

Bonus Depreciation vs. Standard for Model X

It’s crucial to comprehend how each technique functions and the advantages and disadvantages of each when deciding whether to employ bonus depreciation or normal depreciation for Model X.

With bonus depreciation, you can write off more of the car’s purchase price in the first year. Businesses that need to increase their cash flow or reinvest in their company may find this to be advantageous. Although the bonus depreciation rate changes over time, it is set at 100% for assets put into service between September 28, 2017, and December 31, 2022.

This means that, up to the IRS’s maximum deduction threshold, you may deduct the entire cost of the vehicle in the first year. This means that, up to the IRS’s maximum deduction threshold, you may deduct the entire cost of the vehicle in the first year. For the first year of service, the highest deduction cap for SUVs like the Model X is $18,100.

Bonus depreciation can dramatically lower your short-term tax liability, which is one of its main benefits. It’s crucial to remember that the IRS’s general depreciation rules still place a cap on the total deduction you may claim for the vehicle.

Bonus depreciation is also limited to new cars that are bought and put into operation within a certain time frame. You might not be eligible for bonus depreciation if you buy a used car or if you put the car in service after the cutoff date.

On the other hand, standard depreciation disperses the deduction over a number of years. This may be advantageous if you wish to have a more consistent and predictable tax strategy as well as minimize your tax liability over a longer time frame.

The Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) is a method that the IRS permits you to use to depreciate the cost of vehicles like the Model X over a five-year period. This implies that until the whole cost of the vehicle has been written off, you may deduct a set proportion of the cost each year.

Your particular financial circumstances and business objectives will ultimately determine whether you choose bonus or normal depreciation for Model X. Model X Bonus depreciation could be an excellent choice if you need to temporarily increase your cash flow.

Standard depreciation can be a better option if you want a tax approach that is more reliable and dependable. To decide which choice is ideal for you, it’s vital to speak with a tax expert or financial counselor, taking into account things like your overall tax burden, cash flow requirements, and business objectives.

Model X Bonus Depreciation and Section 179

FeatureBonus DepreciationSection 179
Maximum Deduction Amount100% of the cost of qualifying property$1,050,000 for 2022
Qualifying PropertyNew or used tangible property with a recovery period of 20 years or lessNew or used tangible personal property
Qualifying VehiclesNew vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) above 6,000 pounds, such as SUVs, trucks, and vansNew or used vehicles with a GVWR above 6,000 pounds, such as SUVs, trucks, and vans
TimingAvailable for property placed in service after September 27, 2017, and before January 1, 2023Available for property placed in service during the tax year
Applicable Percentage100% for property placed in service before January 1, 2023N/A
CarryforwardN/A, but any amount of cost not deducted in the year the property is placed in service can be carried forward to future years under regular depreciation rulesAny amount of cost not deducted can be carried forward to future years under regular depreciation rules
LimitationsNone, but the deduction is reduced forproperty placed in service after 2022 and before 2027The deduction is phased out dollar-for-dollar for purchases exceeding $2,620,000 for 2022
UsageAvailable for both personal and business useAvailable for business use only

Model X Bonus depreciation and Section 179 deductions are two frequently used tax advantages related to Model X Bonus Depreciation. When an eligible property is used more than 50% of the time for business, Section 179 permits taxpayers to deduct depreciation expenses from their tax liabilities. It enables business owners to write off a specific cash amount for new assets purchased for their company during the current tax year.

Generally, model X bonus depreciation rules are less flexible with scheduling than Section 179 regulations. Under Section 179, the taxpayer can delay some expenses to receive tax advantages in the future or claim only a portion of the cost. The maximum amount of permitted depreciation is closely regulated with bonus depreciation.

However, higher spending amounts might be subject to bonus depreciation. Bonus depreciation has no dollar limit; the total cost of one may be deducted in a single year, up to multiple millions of dollars. The Section 179 deductions, on the other hand, were capped at $1,080,000 for 2022 (based on a capital equipment expenditure of $2,700,000).

Each program has unique requirements that either increase or decrease the attraction to particular taxpayers. However, some real estate improvements do qualify for Section 179 treatment even though they do not qualify for bonus depreciation. Contrarily, Section 179 deductions are constrained to annual business income, but bonus depreciation might exceed business income. Additionally, deducting Section 179 expenses and bonus depreciation in the same tax year is feasible.


The Model X, manufactured by Tesla, is eligible for bonus depreciation. Bonus depreciation allows businesses to deduct a significant portion of the vehicle’s cost in the year it is purchased. This can provide substantial tax savings and incentivize businesses to invest in electric vehicles. Taking advantage of bonus depreciation for Model X can help businesses lower their taxable income and promote the adoption of sustainable transportation solutions.


What is the Tesla Model X bonus depreciation?

If a Tesla Model X satisfies specific requirements, it may be discounted entirely in the year of purchase through model x bonus depreciation or Section 179. In addition to standard depreciation, model x bonus depreciation enables firms to write off a portion of the cost of eligible property in the year it is put into use.

How does Model X bonus depreciation differ from standard depreciation for Model X?

While standard depreciation spreads the deduction over a number of years in accordance with a defined depreciation schedule, bonus depreciation enables businesses to deduct a greater amount of the cost of the Model X in the first year of ownership. While regular depreciation can offer a more dependable and steady tax plan, bonus depreciation can be helpful for companies who need to boost their cash flow in the short term. Standard depreciation is applied to all vehicles used for commercial purposes, whereas bonus depreciation is only granted for new vehicles placed in operation within a certain duration. The specific financial circumstances and corporate objectives must be considered when choosing between bonus depreciation and standard depreciation.

Who is eligible to claim Model X bonus depreciation?

Eligible property must be MACRS with a useful life of 20 years or less, specific depreciable computer software, or qualifying leasehold improvement property to qualify for bonus depreciation. New criteria also restrict how the asset was obtained or how the basis is to be determined.

What is the deadline for claiming Model X bonus depreciation on a purchase?

If the law doesn’t change, the bonus % will gradually disappear for properties put into service after December 31, 2026, losing 20 points yearly. Property in operation on or after January 1, 2027, will not be subject to bonus depreciation.

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