What Does an Electric Car Battery Look Like?

What Does an Electric Car Battery Look Like?

An electrical motor battery (EVB) is a rechargeable battery used to operate electric motors in a battery-powered electric car. Hence electric car battery is the main concern for electric car and electric car battery manufacturers. But What Does An Electric Car Battery Look Like?

Outside, an electric car’s battery often resembles a big, flat metal brick. Several factors, such as the following, will determine What an Electric Car Battery Look Like:

Factors for Electric Car Battery lookDescription
The car’s size and typeThe average electric vehicle battery size is 54-60 Ah. 
Dimensions of the batteryElectric vehicles vary in size as a result of their various battery capacities. It’s also only reasonable that they would have different sizes; otherwise, it would just be a coincidence.
Hybrid or all-electric configurationSeries and parallel hybrid configurations.
Factors for Electric Car Battery Look

As an alternative to the traditional vehicle battery, electric car batteries provide a car with electricity. The battery in battery electric vehicles, or BEVs, can store electricity to power the motor, which rotates the wheels and propels the vehicle. 

Since a completely electric car requires a rather large battery, this battery is frequently comprised of a flat bed of battery packs that are kept on the floor of the vehicle between the two wheels. The term “skateboard” is used to describe this format.

Today, we’ll go over every aspect of an electric car battery in-depth, including its operations, types, benefits and drawbacks, and much more. So without further discussion, let’s start!


Which Factors Tell How Electric Car Battery Look Like?

An electric car battery is the life of an electric car. Electric car battery operates the whole electric car. Here are a few factors which are telling what an electric car battery looks like.

  1. The Car's Size and Type

The average electric car battery size today is between 60 and 100 kWh. Automobile manufacturers are increasing battery capacities to unbelievable values like 130 and 200 kWh. In view of this, 16 or 20-kWh battery electric cars are no longer competitive.

We are discussing a few electric car battery cases and their power outputs. So, you will get a good idea of the range in battery sizes between models.

The table shows the battery sizes of different Electric car models.

ModelPower Output (kWh)
2022 GMC Hummer EV200
Ford F-150 Lightning131
Mercedes-Benz EQS107.8
Tesla Model X100
Audi e-Tron95
Tesla Model Y75
Hyundai Kona EV64
Chevrolet Bolt EV60
BMW i342
Honda e35.5
Hyundai Ioniq EV28
Honda Clarity EV25.5
Battery sizes of different Electric car models.

  1. Dimensions of the battery

We'd shortly investigate how different battery kinds have varied designs and architectures. Therefore, we would anticipate that their weights, capacities, and dimensions would all differ. We have a list of several Electric car battery dimensions.

Electric Car ModelDimensions
Nissan Titan Electric Truck69.5 x 31.1 x 7.8 inches
Chevrolet Silverado EV78.8 x 44.2 x 6.2 inches
Ford F-150 Lightning0 x 41.0 x 10.0 inches
Ford Mustang Mach-E75.6 x 59.1 x 8.1 inches
GMC Hummer EV74.5 x 41.2 x 8.7 inches
Tesla Model Y76.0 x 47.8 x 5.5 inches
Tesla Model 374.0 x 41.0 x 5.5 inches
Nissan Leaf61.8 x 46.8 x 10.2 inches
Kia Niro EV59.1 x 41.5 x 5.9 inches
BMW i369.9 x 41.1 x 5.5 inches
Electric car battery dimensions.

  1. Hybrid or all-electric configuration

Series and parallel hybrids are the two most common configurations for hybrid electric vehicles, while there are other combinations as well.

Electric cars are simply a better investment when all the variables are considered, including initial price, range, refueling expenses, maintenance, and experience. In addition to having lower net emissions, fewer maintenance needs, and lower lifespan costs, they are also more enjoyable to drive.

What are Batteries in An Electric Car?

We all know that a battery is a very crucial part of an electric car or vehicle. It is only an electric car's engine. The power needed by motors to turn the wheels is stored there. Therefore, a battery is an essential aspect of an electric vehicle.

The lithium battery is mainly a lithium-ion battery specifically designed to provide higher power (or electricity) capacity. 

Electric vehicle batteries have different characteristics compared to battery starters, lighting, and ignition as they provide power for long periods.

Electric car batteries are composed of many individual cells connected to a battery pack. The number of cells in a battery pack can vary, but most electric car batteries have between four and eight cells. Most electric car batteries have a capacity of between 24 and 85 kWh.

Since an electric car battery performs the same function as a gas or diesel engine when the vehicle is in motion, this approach is seen as an effective substitute for these fuels. 

The batteries often have a larger size than typical automotive batteries, which allows them to store more energy.

Additionally, we wanted to tell you that every car battery uses a special format called the 3 Cell Format. But what is that meaning? So let's go through its definition and benefits. 

What are 3 Cell Formats in an Electric Car Battery?

Electric cars utilize three different types of battery cells: pouch cells, prismatic cells, and cylindrical batteries. Coin cells are another option tested during research and development but never deployed in electric vehicles.

The number of cells in an EV varies greatly depending on the cell format. Cylindrical cell EVs typically include between 5,000 and 9,000 cells. It is in sharp contrast to prismatic cells, which have even fewer cells than pouch cells and only have a few hundred.

Types of Cell Formats in Electric Car Batteries

Types of Cell Formats in Electric Car Batteries
  1. Cylindrical Batteries
Cylindrical Batteries

As electric cars become more prevalent, the need for efficient and powerful batteries becomes more important. One type of battery that is becoming increasingly popular in electric cars is the cylindrical cell.

Cylindrical batteries are the most common type of electric car battery. They're also the oldest type of battery, dating back to the early days of the automotive industry. Cylindrical batteries are rugged and reliable but also heavy and have a low energy density.

Advantages of Cylindrical Car Batteries

Advantages of Cylindrical Car BatteriesIts Benefit to Electric Car
Higher energy densityMore energy can be stored in a smaller space, making them ideal for electric cars.
Less likely to overheat It is important because electric cars generate a lot of heat, and overheating batteries can be a fire hazard.
Can be charged and discharged faster Electric car batteries need to be able to recharge quickly to keep up with the demands of driving.
Less expensiveElectric cars are already expensive, and any savings can help to make them more affordable.
Advantages of Cylindrical Electric car Batteries

Overall, cylindrical cells are a good choice for electric cars. They are small and lightweight yet powerful and efficient. They are also less likely to overheat and can be charged and discharged quickly.

  1. Pouch cells
Pouch cells

Pouch Cells are a newer type of battery that's becoming increasingly popular in electric cars. Pouch batteries are lighter and have a higher energy density than cylindrical batteries, but they are also more expensive.

Advantages of Pouch Cells

As the world increasingly turns to electric cars to help reduce pollution and our reliance on fossil fuels, car manufacturers are turning to pouch cells to power these vehicles. Pouch cells are lithium-ion batteries and offer many advantages over other types of batteries. Pouch cells

Advantages of Pouch CellsIts Benefit to Electric Car
Longer lifespanThey can store more energy & makes them ideal for long-distance travel.
More environmentally friendlyIt makes them safe for both people and the environment.
Higher energy densityMaking them ideal for electric cars.
Advantages of Pouch Cells

  1. Prismatic cells 
Prismatic cells 

Prismatic cells are the newest type of electric car battery. It is a battery cell typically used in electric cars. Its cells are mainly rectangular with a capacity of 100-200 Ah. 

They offer the best of both worlds, with a high energy density and a low weight. However, prismatic batteries are also the most expensive type of battery.

Advantages of Prismatic Cells

Advantages of Prismatic CellsIts Benefit to Electric Car
More robustExperience a lot of vibration while driving.
Can vibrate betterExperience a lot of vibration while driving.
Advantages of Prismatic Cells

Disadvantage of Prismatic Cells

  1. The main disadvantage of prismatic cells is that they are more expensive to produce than other types of battery cells. It is because they require more specialized manufacturing equipment.

Prismatic cells are becoming increasingly popular in electric cars despite the higher cost. It is due to their many advantages, including a higher energy density and greater durability.

Types of Electric Car Batteries

Electric car batteries come in various varieties and are categorized based on the materials used to make them. Here are a few of the most typical kinds of batteries used in electric vehicles:

Types of electric car batteries
  1. Lithium-Ion Battery
  2. Solid-State Battery
  3. Lead-Acid Battery
  4. Ultracapacitors Battery

Lithium-Ion Battery

How Lithium-Ion Batteries Works and Their Structure?

Lithium-ion batteries are rechargeable with high energy density and have several advantages over other types of batteries. They are used in various portable electronic devices, including cell phones, laptops, and digital cameras.

Basic parts of Lithium-ion BatteryMade of
AnodeLithium metal
cathodeTransition metal oxide
ElectrolyteLithium salt(organic liquid)
Basic parts of lithium-ion battery

When the battery is discharged, lithium ions flow from the anode to the cathode through the electrolyte. This flow of ions creates an electric current that can be used to power an electronic device. The process is reversed when the battery is charged, and lithium ions flow from the cathode to the anode.

Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Cars!

Lithium-ion batteries are used in various devices, from laptops to cell phones, and they are now being used in electric cars. In the above topic, we already talk about how a lithium-ion battery works in an electric car.

In a lithium-ion battery, the anode is made up of lithium metal. The cathode usually comprises a transition metal oxide, and the electrolyte is a lithium salt. The lithium ions flow from the anode to the cathode when the battery is charged. 

When the battery is discharged, the lithium ions flow from the cathode to the anode. The flow of ions between the electrodes provides the electric car's power.

Why are Lithium Batteries used in Electric Cars?

As time goes on, electric vehicles are getting more and more popular. A big reason for this is the advances in battery technology, specifically lithium-ion batteries. 

Lithium-ion batteries have a much higher energy density than other batteries, which can store more energy in a smaller space. It is perfect for electric cars, which need to pack a lot of energy into a small space.

Overall, lithium-ion batteries are the perfect type of battery for electric cars. They are small, have a long lifespan, and can store energy.

Lithium extraction consumes around 500,000 gallons of water per metric ton of lithium, according to the Institute for Energy Research, while recycling rates for lithium in the EU and US are less than 5%.

Pros of Lithium-ion Batteries

The most common form of battery in electric vehicles is lithium-ion. There are many pros to using Lithium-ion batteries in electric cars, including the following:

  1. Lithium-ion batteries are much smaller and lighter than other batteries, so they take up less space and weight in an electric car. It makes the car more efficient and easier to handle.
  2. Lithium-ion batteries can be charged very quickly, so you don't have to wait as long to get your car back on the road after a long journey.
  3. Lithium-ion batteries have a long lifespan, so you don't have to worry about replacing them as often as you would with other types of batteries.
  4. Lithium-ion batteries are very environmentally friendly, as they don't release harmful chemicals or gases when used or disposed of.
  5. Lithium-ion batteries are very efficient, so you'll get more miles out of your electric car before needing to recharge the battery.

Cons of Lithium-ion Batteries

  1. One of the biggest disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries is their cost. Compared to other battery types, such as lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries are significantly more pricey.
  2. Another downside of lithium-ion batteries is that they can be damaged by overcharging. The battery can be damaged and replaced if an electric car is not plugged in for too long.
  3. Lithium-ion batteries are not as durable as other types of batteries. They can be damaged by extreme heat or cold and have a shorter lifespan than other batteries.

Solid-State Batteries

Structure of Solid-State Batteries

An electrolyte that is a solid instead of a liquid forms a solid-state battery.

It makes it safer than traditional lithium-ion batteries, as there is no risk of the electrolyte leaking out and causing a fire. They are also more stable, meaning they can be charged and discharged more times without degrading.

Solid-State Batteries in Electric Cars

As the electric car market grows, so does the demand for batteries that can power these vehicles. Lithium-ion batteries are the most popular battery used in electric cars, but a new type is starting to gain traction: the solid-state battery.

Solid-state batteries also have a higher energy density, meaning they can store more energy than lithium-ion batteries. It makes them a better choice for electric cars, as they can travel further on a single charge.

Solid-state batteries are made with a solid electrolyte instead of a liquid electrolyte like lithium-ion batteries. It makes them safer, as there is no risk of the battery leaking or catching fire. 

Solid-state batteries are still in the early stages of development, and some challenges need to be addressed before they are widely used in electric cars. But, if these challenges are overcome, solid-state batteries could be a game-changer for the electric car market.

Pros of Solid-state Batteries 

  1. Solid-state batteries is a longer life span. Lithium-ion batteries typically need to be replaced after around 1000 charging cycles. Solid-state batteries, on the other hand, can last for several thousand charging cycles. It is important for electric vehicles because it reduces the need for battery replacement and can lead to lower maintenance costs.
  2. Solid-state batteries can also charge faster than lithium-ion batteries. It is important for electric vehicles because it can lead to shorter charging times and increased convenience.
  3. Solid-state batteries are also seen as being safer than lithium-ion batteries. It is because they do not use flammable liquids, which can cause fires in lithium-ion batteries.

Cons of Solid-state Batteries

  1. A solid-state battery will not store as much energy as a lithium-ion battery for a given size and weight. It is not necessarily a major concern for electric cars, which tend to be larger and have more space for batteries than other vehicles. Still, it could be an issue for other applications where weight and size are more constrained.
  2. Another potential issue with solid-state batteries is that they are not as well-understood as lithium-ion batteries. While lithium-ion batteries have been in use for many years, and their behavior is well-understood, solid-state batteries are still relatively new, and there is still much to learn about them. This lack of understanding could lead to problems in the future, such as unexpected failures or performance issues.


These batteries are utilized in conventional power motors because they are highly powerful, affordable, safe, and reliable. These batteries are not ideal for EVs due to their low specific energy, low-temperature performance, and short life cycles.


In addition to adding power during acceleration and over hills, ultracapacitors also help EVs by recapturing energy during braking. Given that they assist in balancing the load power of electrochemical batteries, they can also be beneficial secondary energy storage devices.

Understanding Electric Car Batteries

Easy Access/ Inexpensive
Energy Efficient
Temp. Performance
Key points of electric car batteries

What did an Electric Battery Cost in Comparison?

The typical battery cost in an electric car ranges from $3000 to $20000. This large price range is because the cost of a new battery varies on several variables. 

The cost is mostly determined by the EV model you choose and the battery type you select. The cost is often greater for expensive EV models. 

Since many variables affect lifespan, it can be challenging to predict. When you know how much an electric vehicle battery costs, it's only natural to start estimating the worth of your assets. 

Most manufacturers provide a battery guarantee that lasts eight years or 100,000 miles. From this, you may also estimate the lifespan. 

Comparison of Battery Cost by year (Estimated)

Battery TypeYearCost(US$/kWh)
Li-ion Battery2021$132/38kWh
Li-ion Battery2016$130/39kWh-$145/35kWh
Li-ion Battery2014$200–$300/40kWh
Li-ion Battery2013$800–$1000/44kWh
Li-ion Battery2012$500–$600/41kWh
Li-ion Battery2012$400/42kWh
Li-ion Battery2012$520–$650/43kWh
Li-ion Battery2012$752/43kWh
Li-ion Battery2012$689/43kWh
Li-ion Battery2010$750/45kWh
Nickel–metal hydride2013$500–$550/44kWh
Nickel–metal hydride2004$750/46kWh
Battery Cost by year

Future of Batteries in Electric Cars

The battery is a critical component of the electric car, and its future is very interesting. Many different types of battery chemistries are in use today, and many more are under development. The ideal battery for an electric car would be small, lightweight, high energy density, highly efficient, long life, safe, and affordable.

Many different chemistries are being developed and tested for electric car batteries, including lithium-ion, lead acid, nickel metal hydride, and others. 

The exact battery chemistry used in electric cars in the future is not yet known, but the battery will be a key factor in the success or failure of electric cars.

Some believe that the battery technology currently used in electric cars is not advanced enough to meet future needs. In contrast, others believe that battery technology will continue to improve. 

Various battery technologies are being developed and tested, and it is unclear which one will ultimately become the standard for electric cars.


To conclude this blog, we want to say that batteries for electric cars are a crucial component of a sustainable future. We can see that they are already feasible because many automobiles give appropriate ranges for our everyday needs, and it is doubtful that they will need to be replaced over the vehicle's service life.

For those who are more cautious, you might want to hold out for a few more years until their prices continue to fall and their energy capacity rises.


How long do batteries last in electric cars?

Batteries in electric cars can last for many years, but they will eventually need to be replaced. The exact lifespan of a battery will depend on several factors, including how often the car is driven, how it is driven, and the type of battery. Some electric car batteries can last for over 10 years, while others may only last for a few years.

Why do batteries in electric vehicles weigh so much?

The majority of lithium-ion battery packs are somewhat heavy. The batteries are often located under the car's floor. The large battery packs greatly add to the weight of electric vehicles but also give them a very low center of gravity.

Are electric car batteries recyclable?

The majority of electric car batteries are made from lithium-ion, which is a recyclable material. However, recycling these batteries is not yet widely available, so many end up in landfills. However, some companies are working to change this and make recycling electric car batteries more widely available.

Where are batteries placed in an Electric Car?

Batteries in electric cars are placed under the floor in the middle of the car. The size, weight and number of batteries in an electric car can vary depending on the make and model. It gives the car a low centre of gravity and helps with stability and handling. It also allows for a more even weight distribution, which is important for range and efficiency.

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About Author.

Bharat Suthar

I am principal creator of electriccarexperience.com. I like riding Electric Car, UTV in mountains and Terrain, Also I try to share all the real life experience here in the site.I am really dedicated to write about my experience. I love doing all the outdoor activity including riding electric car, dirt biking and hiking.

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